英语词汇:表示“障碍””阻挠”的名词

英语词汇

表示障碍阻挠的名词

嘉中

obstacle、barrier、obstruction这三个名词可指具体的障碍物,也可指抽象意义上的

障碍。

obstacle泛指挡在道路中必须清除或绕行的障碍物。也可指事物发展和进行中必须克服的障碍。

(something that blocks you so that movement, going forward or action are prevented

or made more difficult.)常与介词 to 连用。

例句:

The huge tree that had been blown down by the storm was anobstacleto traffic.

被暴风雨刮倒的大树成了交通的障碍。

If they hit any unseenobstaclethey would be pitched headlong into the snow.

如果撞上任何没看见的障碍,他们就会被一头拋进雪里。

The greatestobstacleto progress is prejudice.

进步的最大障碍是偏见。

Mispronunciation can be a seriousobstacleto making yourself understood in a foreign

language.

发音错误是让别人听懂你说外语的一个严重障碍。

High unemployment is considered the biggestobstacle toa strong recovery of the

country right now.

失业率居高不下被视为该国目前经济强劲复苏的最大障碍。

At that time there were many ethicalobstacles toremoving organs from the bodies of

those who had just died to benefit the living.

当时要从刚去世的尸体上为活着的人摘取器官仍存在许多伦理障碍。

Reform should be deepened to break through theobstaclesthat hinder the

development of productivity.

要深化改革,突破影响生产力发展的种种障碍。

barrier指天然的屏障或人为临时设置的障碍物,强调起阻碍隔离作用。也可表示抽象意义上的

障碍,用法与 obstacle 相似。

例句:

The police put up manybarriersin the streets to the downtown area.

警察在通往市中心的街道上设置了很多障碍物。

The mountains acted as a naturalbarrierto the spread of the disease.

群山成为了阻止该疾病扩散的天然屏障。

The Great Wall of China was abarrierto block invading forces from entering.

中国长城是当时抵御外来力量入侵的屏障。

Some people experience shyness as abarrier tocommunication, but this can be broken

down gradually.

有些人觉得羞怯成为交际上的障碍,但这是可以逐渐克服的。

Failing English is abarrier togetting into Harvard.

英语能力差是进哈佛大学的障碍。

Many of thebarrierswhich prevent educational progress are inherent in the nature of

our present school system.

阻碍教育进步的障碍的是固有地存在于我们的学校体系中。

Heavy duties on imports and exports are abarrierto international trade.

进出口的高关税是国际贸易的障碍。

Children would bring them close together and break down this invisiblebarrier.

有了孩子,夫妇就会亲密起来,打破这种彼此之间无形的隔阂。

obstruction指完全阻碍整个通道的阻塞物(something that blocks a road, passage,

entrance, etc. so that nothing or nobody can go along it),常用于医学表示堵塞。

也可指妨碍事物正常运行的行为和行动(behaviour or actions thatprevent something from

happening or working correctly)。

例句:

The lorry had been parked on the pavement, causing anobstruction.

卡车停在人行道上, 引起了堵塞。

A passer-by told the driver to move his car so that it was not causing anobstruction.

一个过路人叫那个司机把他的车挪一挪,免得挡道。

The boy was suffering from a bowelobstructionand he died.

这个男孩因患肠梗阻死去了。

She had to have surgery to remove anobstructionfrom her throat.

为去除咽喉里的堵塞物,她不得不接受手术。

Suspect complete airwayobstructionif victim cannot speak, and has a weak cough.

如果患者不能说话, 并带有微弱咳嗽,就要考虑为完全的气道阻塞。

She was charged withobstructionof a police officer in the execution of his duty.

她被指控妨碍警察执行任务。

These propositions of the Chinese government met withobstructionby the U.S.

government.

中国政府的上述主张受到当时美国政府的阻挠。

The bill is bound to be met with someobstructionsin the discussion of the parliament

members.

这项法案在议会讨论中必然会遭到某些人的阻挠。

hurdle、hindrance、handicap

hurdle本意是跳栏,常比喻成前进道路上的障碍、难关,必须克服这种障碍有一

定的挑战性。

例句:

She jumped over all thehurdleseasily and raced to the finishing line.

她轻松地跨过所有的跨栏,跑到终点线。

Everyone faces manyhurdlesbefore he achieves success.

每个人在取得成功之前都会面临着许多困难。

Once he leaps the psychologicalhurdle, he is sure to win in the competition.

一旦他逾越了心理上的障碍, 他就一定能赢得比赛。

It is merely the firsthurdlefor you to overcome on your path.

这仅仅是你人生的道路第一个要克服的难关。

Labour standards are the biggesthurdlefor the Latin American deals.

劳工标准是对拉丁美洲国家贸易的最大障碍。

It was a very unique and arduous process with onehurdleanother.

这是一个很少见而艰辛过程,我们遇到了一个又一个障碍。

The finalhurdlein the negotiation has been removed.

谈判中最后一个障碍已经被清除。

hindrance可泛指各种障碍和不便,妨碍人做事或某事的进展 (something that makes it

more difficult for you to do something or for something to develop)。常与介词to 连用。

例句:

This delay has caused somehindranceto my plans.

这一耽搁已对我的计划造成一些妨碍。

Strong winds are ahindranceto mountain climbers.

大风对登山者是一大妨碍。

To be honest, she was more of ahindrancethan a help.

说实在的,她没帮上忙,反而成了累赘。

Deflation is still an issue , and this remains a serioushindranceto economic growth.

通货紧缩仍然是一个问题,严重阻碍经济增长。

These individuals can become forceful and may even cause ahindranceto the rescue

mission.

这些人的反应都会非常强烈,而且有可能成为执行救援任务的阻碍。

Though there were somehindrancesat the beginning of the project , everything later

went smoothly.

虽然一开始遇到一些阻碍,但随后事情渐渐变得顺利。

Restrictions on the import of raw materials are sometimeshindranceto private

enterprises.

原材料的进口限制有时会阻碍民营企业发展。

handicap主要指身体上的残疾和缺陷,也可引申出事物某方面的缺陷的或不利因素,形成对

……的障碍。

例句:

Some hearing-impaired children may work harder to overcome theirhandicap.

一些有听障的儿童要克服这一缺陷可能需要花更大的力气。

Due to the physicalhandicap, he had to drop out after graduation from junior middle

school.

因为身体残疾,初中毕业后他不得不辍学。

Poor eyesight is ahandicapto a student in his study.

视力不好对学生来说是学习上的一个障碍。

Nowadays not being able to use a computer is quite ahandicapfor the work of an

office employee.

如今,坐办公室的员工不会使用电脑工作上会很不方便。

This circumstance can be a dreadfulhandicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a

driving force.

这种情况可能成为一种可怕的不利因素,但若处理得当,它也有可能转化为一种积极的推动力。

Countries that are badly broken up topographically have a serioushandicapin economic

development.

地形上四分五裂的国家,其经济发展会遭受严重阻碍。

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